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Marine Fisheries in Kenyan Coast
The coastal region is blessed with 12 nautical miles territorial waters and the 200 nautical miles Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ).River Sabaki and Tana out flow enrich local fishing grounds with concentrations of shrimps (Prawns). Lamu Archipelago, Ungwana Bay, North Kenya Bank and Malindi Bank are some of the known inshore fisheries zones with predominantly artisanal
fishermen who operate some 4,800 mostly un-motorized boats to produce around 6,000 – 7,000 Mtons of fish annually, valued at over Kshs 500 million. Annual catches have fluctuated between 4,000 and 10,000 Mtons over more than a 20-year period. Approximately 400mt of Prawn are fished annually by commercial trawlers from the two fishing grounds with brackish waters.
The offshore waters of the Kenyan zone yield catches of large tunas, billfishes and pelagic sharks to foreign fishers. The main species sought by vessels from Distant Water Fishing Nations (DWFNs) are the highly migratory tunas including skipjack, yellow fin and big eye tuna. Some of the fish landed in Kenya and transshipped overseas.  Others are landed directly in the Distant Nations. License fees from this earned the Government around Kshs 30 million per year approximately US $ 400,000).  The fees charged are 20,000 US$ for purse seiners.

The total annual production of marine fisheries is 4% of the national total fish production and 5% of the estimated full potential of around 150,000 Mtons. There is readily available market for marine fisheries both domestically (Sea food restaurants and Hotels) and internationally. The major export market for marine fisheries is the EU region then the emerging markets of Asia. According to Kenya Tropical Sea Life an Ornamental fish exporter their exist an untapped
market for ornamental fish like sea horses and crown fish to United States of America and China. The Chinese also use sea horses in the production of some Chinese medicine.
 
 
 
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