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Chickpeas

Chickpeas, also called garbanzo beans, belong to the legume family of Fabaceae and subfamily of Faboideae.Which includes a variety of beans, peanuts, soybeans and lentils.

With their high nutritional values, chickpeas serve as a super food for a healthy diet. They are considered a good source of carbohydrates, proteins and include high levels of dietary fibre, vitamins and minerals. There are two distinct types of cultivated chickpea, namely Desi and Kabuli.

Kabuli Chickpeas

Kabuli grain is large seeded with a cream colour. Kabuli is the most traded among the chickpeas.common name is Ndengu, SAINA-K1 (ICCV 95423).

Characteristics of kabuli chickpeas

·         It is determinate and semi-spreading in growth habit

·         It grows to a height of 40 -70 cm.

·         Has white flowers and lack anthocyanin pigmentation on the stem

·         Flowers in 35-39 days

·         Matures in 134-144 days

·         The grain is large with creamy white or beige

·         Has a ram-head to rounded shape.

·         The seed coat is thin with smooth seed surface.

·         Yields range 1,100-3,800kg/ha(440-1,520kg/acre)

Desi type Chickpeas

Desi chickpeas are normally small seeded with brown colour. They are second to Kabuli in terms of marketing. Common name is Ngara, ICCV 97105.

 Characteristics of of desi chickpeas

·         It is determinate and compact in growth habit.

·         It grows to a height of 30 -70.

·         The plant has purple/violet flowers The plants show various degrees of anthocyanin pigmentation. Some Desi types have white flowers and no anthocyanin pigmentation on the stem

·         Flowers in 35-44 days

·         Matures in 125-142 days

·         Grains are brown, yellow, green or black. The brown types are the most common

·         Grains angular in shape and smaller seeded with a hard rough seed coat

·         Yields range 1,100-3,800kg/ha (440-1,520kg/acre)

In Kenya main production is in Eastern Kenya in the drier areas of lower Machakos, Mwea, Karaba and Riftvalley in Bomet and Nakuru areas .

These pulses also offer numerous health benefits as they help in stabilizing blood sugar levels, weight management, improving digestion and minimising the risk of heart-attack. Chickpeas have a wide application in taste and aroma enhancing products such as sauces, dips, soups and spreads.

Several factors boosting the growth of the global chickpeas market are growing population, increasing disposable incomes, changing dietary patterns, rising health awareness among the consumers and increasing consumption of chickpeas in developing countries. According to IMARC group, the global chickpeas market reached a volume of 15.4 Million Tons in 2016, growing at a CAGR of 6% during 2009-2016.

Currently, India represents the largest producer of chickpeas accounting for around 70% of the global production. India is followed by Australia, Pakistan, Myanmar, Ethiopia, Turkey, Iran, Mexico, Canada and Russia. Among the top exporting countries, Australia represents the biggest exporter of chickpeas accounting for more than one-third of the total global export volumes. Australia is followed by Russia, India, Mexico, Canada, the United States, Ethiopia, Argentina, Tanzania and Iran. At present, India represents the biggest importer of chickpeas accounting for around one-fifth of the total global import volumes. India is followed by Bangladesh, Egypt, the United States, Algeria, Pakistan, Spain, United Kingdom and Turkey.

Global Chickpeas Market:  Key Players

 

Some of the key players identified in the global chick peas market includes:

·         Wimmera Grain Company

·         Bean Growers

·         Arbel S.A.

·         Isik Tarim Urunleri Sanayi Ic Ve Dis Ticaret Ltd Sti

·         JOVA Graneros, S.A. de C.V.

·         Mast Qalander Group of Companies

·         Indraprasth foods Ltd.

·         R Young Seeds, Inc.

·         OLEGA S.A.

 

Usefull Links:

1.       Pulses Crops Grown in Ethiopia, Kenya and United Republic of Tanzania for local and export markets

           http://epckenya.org/images/pulses%20handbook%20(2).pdf

2.      https://www.goift.com/news/160630-pulses-feature-global-pulse-convention-market-outlooks-part-ii-chickpeas-and-dry-peas-bard/

3.      Chickpeas Market: Global Industry Analysis and Forecast 2017 – 2025

     http://www.persistencemarketresearch.com/market-research/chickpeas- market.asp

4.      http://www.nation.co.ke/business/seedsofgold/New-high-yielding-bean-varieties-out/2301238-2216974-5h0vlcz/index.html

5.      http://grainlegumes.cgiar.org/farmers-in-kenyan-highlands-taking-to-chickpea-cultivation-during-short-rains/

6.      How To Grow Chickpeas, Garbanzo Beans

 
 
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